PACS Geophysics Appendix

 

 

 

 

PACS 2010 Regular Edition—Geophysics Appendix

APPENDIX TO PACS 91–94, 96: GEOPHYSICS

91. Solid Earth physics
 
91.10.-v Geodesy and gravity (see also 91.50.Kx Gravity and isostasy—in Marine geology and geophysics; 91.45.gh—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.10.By Mathematical geodesy; general theory
 
91.10.Da Cartography
 
91.10.Fc Space and satellite geodesy; applications of global positioning systems
 
91.10.Jf Topography; geometric observations
 
91.10.Kg Crustal movements and deformation
 
91.10.Lh Photogrammetry
 
91.10.Nj Rotational variations; polar wobble (see also 92.10.Iv Ocean influence of Earth's rotation)
 
91.10.Op Gravity anomalies; time variable gravity
 
91.10.P- Geodetic techniques; gravimetric measurements and instruments
 
91.10.pa Atmospheric monitoring with geodetic techniques
 
91.10.pc Ocean monitoring with geodetic techniques
 
91.10.Qm Harmonics of the gravity potential field; geopotential theory and determination
... ... ... Rheology of lithosphere and mantle, see 91.32.De, 91.32.Gh
 
91.10.Sp Satellite orbits
 
91.10.Tq Earth tides
 
91.10.Vr Ocean/Earth/atmosphere/ hydrosphere/cryosphere interactions; mass balance
 
91.10.Ws Reference systems
 
91.10.Xa Global change from geodesy
 
91.25.-r Geomagnetism and paleomagnetism; geoelectricity (see also 91.50.Iv Marine magnetics and electromagnetics)
 
91.25.Cw Origins and models of the magnetic field; dynamo theories
 
91.25.Dx Archeomagnetism
 
91.25.Ey Interactions between exterior sources and interior properties
 
91.25.F- Rock and mineral magnetism (see also 91.60.Pn Magnetic and electrical properties—in Physical properties of rocks and minerals)
 
91.25.fa Biogenic magnetic minerals
 
91.25.fd Environmental magnetism
 
91.25.G- Spatial variations in geomagnetism
 
91.25.ga Harmonics and anomalies
 
91.25.gj Attributed to seafloor spreading
 
91.25.L- Time variations in geomagnetism
 
91.25.lc Rapid time variations
 
91.25.lf Diurnal to decadal
 
91.25.lj Secular and longer
 
91.25.Mf Magnetic field reversals: process and timescale
 
91.25.N- Paleomagnetism
 
91.25.nc Paleointensity
 
91.25.nf Applied to tectonics: regional; global
 
91.25.nj Applied to geologic processes
 
91.25.nn Paleomagnetic secular variation
 
91.25.Ph Magnetostratigraphy
 
91.25.Qi Geoelectricity, electromagnetic induction, and telluric currents
 
91.25.Rt Magnetic anomalies; modeling and interpretations
 
91.25.St Magnetic fabrics and anisotropy
 
91.25.Th Reference fields: regional; global
 
91.25.Ux Remagnetization
 
91.25.Wb Geomagnetic induction
 
91.25.Xg Geomagnetic excursion
 
91.25.Za Core processes
 
91.30.-f Seismology
 
91.30.Ab Theory and modeling, computational seismology
 
91.30.Bi Seismic sources (mechanisms, magnitude, moment frequency spectrum)
 
91.30.Cd Body wave propagation
 
91.30.Dk Seismicity (see also 91.45.gd—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.30.Fn Surface waves and free oscillations
 
91.30.Ga Subduction zones (see also 91.40.Rs—in Volcanology; 91.45.Hc—in Tectonophysics; 91.50.Wy—in Marine geology and geophysics; 91.67.fc—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.30.Hc Mid-ocean ridges (see also 91.40.St—in Volcanology; 91.50.Rt—in Marine geology and geophysics; 91.67.ff—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.30.Iv Transform faults
 
91.30.Jk Tomography in seismology (see also 91.35.Pn Tomography of the Earth's interior)
 
91.30.Mv Strong motions and shock waves
 
91.30.Nw Tsunamis (see also 92.10.hl—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.30.P- Earthquakes
 
91.30.pa Dynamics and mechanics
 
91.30.pb Ground motions and engineering seismology
 
91.30.pc Magnitudes and parameters
 
91.30.pd Hazard assessment, forecasting, and prediction
 
91.30.Rz Nuclear explosion seismology
 
91.30.Tb Volcano seismology
 
91.30.Uv Core and mantle seismology
 
91.30.Vc Continental crust seismology
 
91.30.Wx Lithosphere seismology (see also 91.45.gf—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.30.Ye Oceanic crust seismology
 
91.30.Za Paleoseismology
 
91.32.-m Rheology of the Earth
 
91.32.Ac General aspects
 
91.32.De Crust and lithosphere
 
91.32.Gh Mantle
 
91.32.Jk Friction of fault zones
 
91.35.-x Earth's interior structure and properties
 
91.35.Cb Models of interior structure
 
91.35.Dc Heat flow; geothermy (see also 91.50.Ln Heat flow (benthic)—in Marine geology and geophysics; see also 88.10.-g Geothermal energy in renewable energy resources and applications)
 
91.35.Ed Structure of the Earth's interior below the upper mantle
 
91.35.Gf Structure of the crust and upper mantle
 
91.35.Lj Composition and state of the Earth's interior (see also 91.67.gb—in Geophysics Appendix)
... ... ... Geochronology, see 91.80.+d; and in Geophysics Appendix, see 91.80.-d)
 
91.35.Pn Tomography of the Earth's interior (see also 91.30.Jk Tomography in seismology)
 
91.40.-k Volcanology (see also 91.30.Tb Volcano seismology)
 
91.40.Ac Geochemical modeling
 
91.40.Bp Tephrochronology; ash deposits
 
91.40.Dr Atmospheric effects (see also 92.60.Mt Particles and aerosols—in Meteorology)
 
91.40.Ft Eruption mechanisms
 
91.40.Ge Hydrothermal systems (see also 91.67.Jk—in Geochemistry; 92.05.Lf—in oceanography)
 
91.40.Hw Lava rheology and morphology
 
91.40.Jk Magma migration
 
91.40.La Physics and chemistry of magma bodies
 
91.40.Pc Thermodynamics in volcanology
 
91.40.Qa Reactions and phase equilibria (see also 91.67.De—in Geochemistry)
 
91.40.Rs Subduction zone processes (see also 91.30.Ga—in Seismology; 91.45.Hc—in Tectonophysics; 91.50.Wy—in Marine geology; 91.67.fc—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.40.St Mid-oceanic ridge processes (see also 91.30.Hc—in Seismology; 91.50.Rt—in Marine geology; 91.67.ff—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.40.Ta Intra-plate processes (see also 91.50.Tb—in Marine geology; 91.67.fh—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.40.Uc Volcanoclastic deposits
 
91.40.Vg Volcanic gases
 
91.40.Wx Calderas
 
91.40.Yt Remote sensing of volcanoes (see also 93.85.Pq)
 
91.40.Zz Volcano monitoring; volcanic hazards and risks
... ... ... Planetary volcanism, see 96.12.Xy
 
91.45.-c Tectonophysics
 
91.45.Bg Planetary interiors (see also 96.12.Pc—in Planetology of solid surface planets; 96.15.Nd—in Planetology of fluid planets)
 
91.45.C- Continental tectonics
 
91.45.ca General aspects
 
91.45.cc Orogenic belts
 
91.45.cf Continental margins and continental cratons
 
91.45.ch Continental neotectonics
 
91.45.cj Extensional, tectonics (rift basins)
 
91.45.cn Strike-slip tectonics
 
91.45.D- Plate tectonics
 
91.45.dc Plate boundaries: general aspects
 
91.45.df Plate motions: general aspects
 
91.45.dg Plate motions: past
 
91.45.dk Plate motions: present and recent
 
91.45.Fj Convection currents and mantle plumes
 
91.45.G- Dynamics and mechanics of tectonics
 
91.45.gd Seismotectonics (see also 91.30.Dk Seismicity)
 
91.45.gf Lithospheric dynamics; flexure (see also 91.30.Wx Lithosphere seismology; 91.32.De Crust and lithosphere, rheology of)
 
91.45.gh Gravity and tectonics
 
91.45.Hc Subduction and obduction zone processes (see also 91.30.Ga—in Seismology; 91.40.Rs—in Volcanology)
 
91.45.Jg Hot spots, large igneous provinces, and flood basalt volcanism
 
91.45.Kn Core processes
 
91.45.Nc Evolution of the Earth
 
91.45.Qv Tomography of plate tectonics (see also 91.30.Jk—in Seismology)
 
91.45.Rg Heat generation and transport
... ... ... Folds and folding, see 91.55.Hj
... ... ... Fractures and faults, see 91.55.Jk
 
91.45.Wa Volcanic arcs
 
91.45.X- Stresses in tectonophysics
 
91.45.xa General aspects
 
91.45.xc Crust and lithosphere (see also 91.30.Wx Lithosphere seismology)
 
91.45.xf Deep-seated stresses
... ... ... Hydrothermal systems, see 91.40.Ge
... ... ... Planetary tectonics, see 96.12.Xy
... ... ... Pluton emplacement, see 91.55.Sn
... ... ... Rheology of the Earth, see 91.32.-m
 
91.50.-r Marine geology and geophysics
 
91.50.Ac Back-arc basin processes
 
91.50.Bd Continental shelf and slope processes
 
91.50.Cw Beach and coastal processes
 
91.50.Ey Seafloor morphology, geology, and geophysics (see also 92.10.Oc Benthic boundary layers, ocean bottom processes—in oceanography)
 
91.50.Ga Bathymetry, seafloor topology
 
91.50.Hc Gas and hydrate systems (see also 92.20.Uv—in oceanography)
 
91.50.Iv Marine magnetics and electromagnetics
 
91.50.Jc Marine sediments, turbidity currents—processes and transport (see also 91.65.Ti—in petrology; 91.67.Ty—in Geochemistry; 92.10.Wa and 92.20.Vn—in oceanography; 92.40.Gc—in hydrology; 91.80.Wx—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.50.Kx Gravity and isostasy
 
91.50.Ln Heat flow (benthic)
 
91.50.Nc Littoral processes
 
91.50.Ps Marine hydrogeology
 
91.50.Qr Micropaleontology
 
91.50.Rt Mid-ocean ridge processes (see also 91.30.Hc—in Seismology; 91.40.St—in Volcanology; 91.67.ff—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.50.Sn Ocean drilling (see also 93.85.Tf Oil prospecting, pipelines, and conduits)
 
91.50.Tb Oceanic hotspots and intra-plate volcanism (see also 91.40.Ta—in Volcanology; 91.67.fh—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.50.Uv Oceanic plateaus and fracture zone processes
 
91.50.Vx Ophiolites
 
91.50.Wy Subduction zone processes
 
91.50.Xz Submarine landslides
 
91.50.Yf Submergence instruments, ROV, AUV, Submersibles, and ocean observatories
 
91.55.-y Structural geology
 
91.55.Ax Mechanics, theory and modeling
 
91.55.Bc Continental neotectonics
 
91.55.De Diapir and diapirism
 
91.55.Fg Dynamics and mechanics of faulting (see also 91.32.Jk Friction of fault zones, rheology of)
 
91.55.Hj Folds and folding
 
91.55.Jk Fractures and faults (see also 91.50.Uv Oceanic plateaus and fracture zone processes)
 
91.55.Ln Kinematics of crustal and mantle deformation
 
91.55.Mb High strain deformation zones
 
91.55.Nc Local crustal structure; regional crustal structure
 
91.55.Pq Melanges
 
91.55.Qr Mesoscopic fabrics
 
91.55.Sn Pluton emplacement
 
91.55.Tt Role of fluids
 
91.55.Uv Remote sensing in structural geology
... ... ... Rheology of the Earth, see 91.32.-m
 
91.60.-x Physical properties of rocks and minerals (for rheological properties of geological materials, see 83.80.Nb)
 
91.60.Ba Elasticity, fracture, and flow
 
91.60.Dc Plasticity, diffusion, and creep
 
91.60.Ed Crystal structure and defects, microstructure
 
91.60.Fe Equations of state
 
91.60.Gf High-pressure behavior
 
91.60.Hg Phase changes
 
91.60.Ki Thermal properties
 
91.60.Lj Acoustic properties
 
91.60.Mk Optical properties
 
91.60.Np Permeability and porosity
 
91.60.Pn Magnetic and electrical properties (see also 91.25.F- Rock and mineral magnetism)
... ... ... Environmental magnetism, see 91.25.fd
 
91.60.Qr Wave attenuation
 
91.60.Tn Transport properties
 
91.62.-g Biogeosciences (see also 91.67.Uv Organic and biogenic geochemistry; 91.80.Kc Chemical and biological geochronology; 92.20.J- Biology of the ocean)
 
91.62.Bf Agricultural systems
 
91.62.De Anoxic and hypoxic environments (see also 92.20.Hs and 92.20.Ox—in Chemical and biological oceanography)
 
91.62.Fc Astrobiology and extraterrestrial materials (see also 96.55.+z Astrobiology and astrochemistry of the Solar system and interplanetary space)
 
91.62.Gk Biodiversity
 
91.62.Jf Bioremediation
 
91.62.Kt Biogeochemical kinetics
 
91.62.La Carbon cycling, nitrogen cycling (see also 92.20.Xy—in Oceanography)
 
91.62.Mn Ecosystems, structure and dynamics, plant ecology
 
91.62.Np Evolutionary geobiology
 
91.62.Pq Geomicrobiology
 
91.62.Qs Nutrients and nutrient cycling
 
91.62.Rt Land pollution, soil pollution
 
91.62.Ty Natural hazards
 
91.62.Uv Life in extreme environments
 
91.62.Xy Biosphere/atmosphere interactions
 
91.65.-n Mineralogy and petrology
 
91.65.An Mineral and crystal chemistry
... ... ... Geochemical cycles, see 91.67.Nc
 
91.65.Cq Igneous petrology
 
91.65.Dt Isotopic composition (see also 91.67.Qr Radiogenic isotope geochemistry; 91.67.Rx Stable isotope geochemistry)
 
91.65.Ej Extrusive structures and rocks
... ... ... Low temperature geochemistry, see 91.67.Vf
 
91.65.Gk Intrusive structures and rocks
... ... ... Organic geochemistry, see 91.67.Uv
 
91.65.Jn Layered magma chambers
 
91.65.Kf Metamorphic petrology
 
91.65.Lc Pressure-temperature-time paths
 
91.65.My Fluid flow
... ... ... Trace elements, see 91.67.Pq
 
91.65.Pj Ultra-high pressure metamorphism
 
91.65.Qr Ultra-high temperature metamorphism
 
91.65.Rg Mineral occurrences and deposits
 
91.65.Sn Meteorite mineralogy and petrology
 
91.65.Ti Sedimentary petrology (see also 91.50.Jc—in marine geology; 91.67.Ty—in Geochemistry; 92.10.Wa and 92.20.Vn—in oceanography; 92.40.Gc—in hydrology; 91.80.Wx—in Geophysics Appendix)
... ... ... Major element composition, see 91.67.Pq
 
91.67.-y Geochemistry (see also 92.20.Cm Chemistry of the ocean; 92.40.Bc Chemistry of fresh water; 92.60.Ls Ion chemistry of the atmosphere; 91.62.Kt, 91.80.Kc, and 92.20.C- in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.67.Bc Geochemical modeling
 
91.67.De Reactions and phase equilibria (see also 91.40.Qa—in Volcanology)
 
91.67.F- Geochemical processes
 
91.67.fc Subduction zone (see also 91.30.Ga—in Seismology; 91.45.Hc—in Tectonophysics; 91.50.Wy—in Marine geology)
 
91.67.ff Mid-oceanic ridge (see also 91.30.Hc—in Seismology; 91.40.St—in Volcanology; 91.50.Rt—in Marine geology)
 
91.67.fh Intra-plate (see also 91.40.Ta—in Volcanology; 91.50.Tb—in Marine geology)
 
91.67.fk Alteration and weathering
 
91.67.fm Mantle
 
91.67.G- Chemical composition
 
91.67.gb Earth's core (see also 91.35.Lj)
 
91.67.gd Continental crust
 
91.67.gf Oceanic crust
 
91.67.gh Hydrosphere
 
91.67.gj Biosphere
 
91.67.gl Mantle
 
91.67.gn Meteorites
 
91.67.gp Aerosols and particles (see also 92.20.Bk—in oceanography; 92.30.Ef—in Paleoceanography; 92.60.Mt—in meteorology)
 
91.67.Jk Geochemistry of hydrothermal systems (see also 91.40.Ge—in Volcanology; 92.05.Lf—in oceanography)
... ... ... Physics and chemistry of magma bodies, see 91.40.La
 
91.67.Nc Geochemical cycles (see also 92.20.Sg Biogeochemical cycles—in oceanography; 92.60.hn—in meteorology; 92.30.Gh—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.67.Pq Major and trace element geochemistry (see also 92.20.Wx Trace elements—in chemical and biological oceanography)
 
91.67.Qr Radiogenic isotope geochemistry (see also 91.65.Dt Isotopic composition—in Mineralogy and petrology; 92.20.Td Radioactivity and radioisotopes—in oceanography)
 
91.67.Rx Stable isotope geochemistry (see also 91.65.Dt Isotopic composition—in Mineralogy and petrology)
 
91.67.St Fluid and melt inclusion geochemistry
 
91.67.Ty Sedimentary geochemistry (see also 91.50.Jc—in marine geology; 91.65.Ti—in Mineralogy and petrology; 92.10.Wa and 92.20.Vn—in oceanography; 92.40.Gc—in hydrology; 91.80.Wx—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
91.67.Uv Organic and biogenic geochemistry
 
91.67.Vf Low-temperature geochemistry
 
91.70.-c Information related to geologic time
 
91.70.B- Cenozoic
 
91.70.bc Neogene
 
91.70.bg Paleogene
 
91.70.D- Mesozoic
 
91.70.db Cretaceous
 
91.70.de Jurassic
 
91.70.dg Triassic
 
91.70.F- Paleozoic
 
91.70.fb Permian
 
91.70.fd Carboniferous
 
91.70.ff Devonian
 
91.70.fh Silurian
 
91.70.fk Ordovician
 
91.70.fn Cambrian
 
91.70.H- Precambrian
 
91.70.hc Proterozoic
 
91.70.hf Archean
 
91.80.-d Geochronology (see also 92.30.Hj Dendrochronology—in Paleoceanography)
 
91.80.Cb Quarternary geochronology
 
91.80.Ef Sidereal geochronology
 
91.80.Hj Radioisotope geochronology, isotopic disequilibrium dating
 
91.80.Kc Chemical and biological geochronology
 
91.80.Mn Geomorphological geochronology
 
91.80.Pq Correlative geochronology
 
91.80.Rx Thermochronology
 
91.80.St Tephrochronology (see also 91.40.Bp Tephrochronology; ash deposits—in Volcanology)
 
91.80.Uv Cosmogenic-nuclide exposure dating
 
91.80.Vw Extinct radionuclide geochronology
 
91.80.Wx Sedimentary geochronology (see also 91.50.Jc—in Marine geology; 91.65.Ti—in Mineralogy and petrology; 91.67.Ty—in Geochemistry; 92.10.Wa and 92.20.Vn—in oceanography; 92.40.Gc—in Hydrology)
 
91.90.+p Other topics in solid Earth physics (restricted to new topics in section 91)
 
92. Hydrospheric and atmospheric geophysics
 
92.05.-x General aspects of oceanography
 
92.05.Bc Analytical modeling and laboratory experiments
 
92.05.Df Climate and inter-annual variability (see also 92.60.Ry Climatology, climate change and variability—in meteorology; 92.70.Gt Climate dynamics—in Global change)
 
92.05.Ek Long term variability; Heinrich events
 
92.05.Fg Diurnal, seasonal and annual cycles
 
92.05.Hj Physical and chemical properties of seawater (salinity, density, temperature)
 
92.05.Jn Ocean energy extraction
 
92.05.Lf Hydrothermal systems (see also 91.40.Ge—in Volcanology; 91.67.Jk—in Geochemistry)
 
92.10.-c Physical oceanography
 
92.10.A- Circulation and currents
 
92.10.ab General circulation
 
92.10.ad Deep water formation and circulation
 
92.10.af Thermohaline convection
 
92.10.ah Ocean currents; Eastern boundary currents, Western boundary currents
 
92.10.ak Eddies and mesoscale processes
 
92.10.am El Nino Southern Oscillation (see also 92.30.La—in Paleoceanography)
... ... ... Physical properties of seawater, see 92.05.Hj
... ... ... Capillary waves, see 92.10.hd—in Geophysics Appendix
 
92.10.Dh Deep ocean processes
 
92.10.Ei Coriolis effects
 
92.10.Fj Upper ocean and mixed layer processes
 
92.10.H- Ocean waves and oscillations
 
92.10.hb Surface waves and tides
 
92.10.hd Capillary waves
 
92.10.hf Planetary waves, Rossby waves
 
92.10.hh Kelvin waves
 
92.10.hj Internal and inertial waves
 
92.10.hk Seiches
 
92.10.hl Tsunamis (see also 91.30.Nw—in Seismology)
 
92.10.hp Sea level variations (see also 92.70.Jw Oceans, sea level change—in Global change)
 
92.10.Iv Ocean influence of Earth's rotation
... ... ... Seiches, see 92.10.hk—in Geophysics Appendix
 
92.10.Kp Sea-air energy exchange processes (see also 92.60.Cc—in meteorology)
 
92.10.Lq Turbulence, diffusion, and mixing processes in oceanography
 
92.10.Ns Fine structure and microstructure in oceanography
 
92.10.Oc Benthic boundary layers, ocean bottom processes (see also 91.50.Ey Sea floor, morphology, geology, and geophysics—in marine geology)
 
92.10.Rw Sea ice (mechanics and air/sea/ice exchange processes)
 
92.10.Sx Coastal, estuarine, and near shore processes (see also 91.50.Cw Beach and coastal processes—in marine geology)
 
92.10.Ty Fronts and jets
 
92.10.Ua Overflows
 
92.10.Vz Underwater sound (see also 43.30.+m in acoustics; 43.30.-k in Acoustics Appendix)
 
92.10.Wa Sediment transport (see also 91.50.Jc—in marine geology; 91.65.Ti—in Mineralogy and petrology; 91.67.Ty—in Geochemistry; 92.20.Vn—in chemical oceanography; 92.40.Gc—in Hydrology; 91.80.Wx—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.10.Xc Ocean fog
 
92.10.Yb Hydrography (for ocean parameter estimation by acoustical methods, see 43.30.Pc—in Acoustics Appendix)
 
92.10.Zf Upwelling and convergences (see also 92.30.Vn—in Geophysics Appendix)
... ... ... Marine geology and geophysics, see 91.50.-r
 
92.20.-h Chemical and biological oceanography
 
92.20.Bk Aerosols (see also 92.60.Mt—in meteorology; 91.67.gp and 92.30.Ef—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.20.C- Chemistry of the ocean
 
92.20.cb Chemical speciation and complexation, chemosynthesis
 
92.20.cd Chemical tracers
 
92.20.cf Marine organic chemistry
 
92.20.cg Marine inorganic chemistry
 
92.20.ch Photochemistry, photosynthesis
 
92.20.cj Oxidation and reduction reactions
 
92.20.cn Analytical chemistry
 
92.20.cp Natural products chemistry
... ... ... Ocean energy extraction, see 92.05.Jn
 
92.20.Hs Anoxic environments (see also 91.62.+g Biogeosciences; 91.62.De—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.20.Iv Benthic processes, sea-bottom processes (see also 91.50.Ey—in marine geology; 92.10.Oc—in oceanography; 92.40.Gc—in hydrology)
 
92.20.J- Biology of the ocean (see also 91.62.-g Biogeosciences; 92.40.vu Cryobiology (in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.20.jb Bacteria, microbiology and microbial ecology (see also 91.62.Kt geomicrobiology)
 
92.20.jd Symbiosis
 
92.20.jf Phytoplankton
 
92.20.jh Zooplankton
 
92.20.jj Sorptive scavenging
 
92.20.jm Population dynamics and ecology
 
92.20.jp Ecosysystems, structure, dynamics and modeling
 
92.20.jq Foodwebs: structure and dynamics
 
92.20.ju Nutrients and nutrient cycling
 
92.20.Ny Marine pollution
 
92.20.Ox Hypoxic environment (see also 91.62.De—in Geophysics Appendix)
... ... ... Bacteria, see 92.20.jb—in Geophysics Appendix
... ... ... Plankton, see 92.20.jf and 92.20.jh—in Geophysics Appendix
 
92.20.Sg Biogeochemical cycles (see also 91.67.Nc—in Geochemistry; 92.60.hn—in meteorology; 92.30.Gh—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.20.Td Radioactivity and radioisotopes (see also 91.65.Dt Isotopic composition—in Mineralogy and petrology; 91.67.Qr Radiogenic isotope geochemistry)
 
92.20.Uv Gases in chemical oceanography (see also 91.50.Hc Gas and hydrate systems—in marine geology)
 
92.20.Vn Sedimentation (see also 91.50.Jc—in marine geology; 91.65.Ti—in petrology; 91.67.Ty—in Geochemistry; 92.10.Wa—in oceanography; 92.40.Gc—in hydrology; 91.80.Wx—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.20.Wx Trace elements (see also 91.67.Pq Major and trace element geochemistry)
 
92.20.Xy Carbon cycling (see also 91.62.La—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.30.-m Paleoceanography
 
92.30.Bc Abrupt climate change, stadial-interstadial transitions (see also 92.60.Ry—in meteorology; 92.70.Gt and 92.70.Kb—in Global change)
 
92.30.De Anthropogenic effects (see also 92.40.Aa —in Hydrology)
 
92.30.Ef Atmospheric transport and circulation, aerosols (see also 91.67.gp—in Geochemistry; 92.20.Bk—in oceanography; 92.30.Ef—in Paleoceanography; 92.60.hk and 92.60.Mt—in meteorology)
 
92.30.Gh Biogeochemical cycles (see also 91.67.Nc—in Geochemistry; 92.20.Sg—in oceanography; 92.60.hn—in meteorology)
 
92.30.Hj Corals
 
92.30.Iv Continental climate records
 
92.30.Jh Dendrochronology
 
92.30.La El Nino Southern Oscillation (see also 92.10.am—in oceanography)
 
92.30.Mc Glacial and interglacial oceanography, ice cores (see also 92.40.vv in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.30.Np Greenhouse gases (see also 92.70.Mn Impacts of global change; global warming)
 
92.30.Pq Insolation forcing
 
92.30.Qr Micropaleontology
 
92.30.Rx Paleoecology
 
92.30.St Paleocene/Eocene thermal maximum
 
92.30.Tq Sea surface temperature
 
92.30.Uv Thermohaline convection
 
92.30.Vn Upwelling (see also 92.10.Zf—in oceanography)
 
92.30.Wx Palynology, pollen, spores and other palynomorphs, living or fossil
 
92.30.Xy Speleothems, stalagmites, stalactites
 
92.40.-t Hydrology and glaciology; cryosphere (see also 92.70.Ha—in Global change)
 
92.40.Aa Anthropogenic effects (see also 92.30.De—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.40.Bc Chemistry of fresh water
 
92.40.Cy Modeling; general theory
 
92.40.De Drought
 
92.40.E- Precipitation (see also 92.60.jf—in meteorology)
 
92.40.ed Snow
 
92.40.eg Rain, hail
 
92.40.Gc Erosion and sedimentation; sediment transport (see also 91.50.Jc—in marine geology; 91.65.Ti—in Mineralogy and petrology; 91.67.Ty—in Geochemistry; 92.10.Wa and 92.20.Vn—in oceanography; 91.80.Wx—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.40.Ha Debris flow and landslides
 
92.40.Iv Desertification
 
92.40.Je Evapotranspiration (see also 92.60.jc Evaporation—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.40.K- Ground water
 
92.40.kc Ground water quality
 
92.40.ke Ground water transport
 
92.40.kh Aquifers
 
92.40.kj Groundwater/surface water interactions
 
92.40.km Groundwater hydrology
 
92.40.kp Groundwater hydraulics
 
92.40.Lg Soil moisture and temperature
... ... ... Limnology, see 92.40.qj—in Geophysics Appendix
 
92.40.Oj Eco-hydrology; plant ecology
 
92.40.P- Geomorphology
 
92.40.pg Fluvial
 
92.40.pj Hillslope
 
92.40.Q- Surface water, water resources
 
92.40.qc Surface water quality
 
92.40.qf Water supply, reservoirs
 
92.40.qh Rivers
 
92.40.qj Lakes, limnology
 
92.40.qn Ponds
 
92.40.qp Floods, runoff, and stream flow
 
92.40.V- Glaciology (see also 92.30.Mc—in Paleoceanography)
 
92.40.vk Glaciers
 
92.40.vr Icebergs
 
92.40.vs Permafrost, frozen ground
 
92.40.vt Tundra
 
92.40.vu Cryobiology
 
92.40.vv Ice cores, ice sheets, ice shelves
 
92.40.vw Snow melt, avalanches
 
92.40.vx Sea ice
 
92.40.We Hydrologic cycles and budgets
 
92.40.Xx Irrigation; dams
 
92.40.Yy Wetlands
 
92.40.Zg Hydrometeorology, hydroclimatology
 
92.60.-e Properties and dynamics of the atmosphere; meteorology (see also 92.40.Zg Hydrometeorology, hydroclimatology)
 
92.60.Aa Modeling and model calibration (see also 92.70.Np Global climate modeling)
 
92.60.Bh General circulation
 
92.60.Cc Ocean/atmosphere interactions, air/sea constituent fluxes (see also 92.10.Kp—in oceanography)
 
92.60.Fm Boundary layer structure and processes
 
92.60.Gn Winds and their effects
 
92.60.H- Atmospheric composition, structure, and properties
 
92.60.ha Exospheric composition and chemistry
 
92.60.hb Thermospheric composition and chemistry, energy deposition
 
92.60.hc Mesospheric composition, energy deposition, constituent transport and chemistry
 
92.60.hd Stratospheric composition and chemistry
 
92.60.hf Tropospheric composition and chemistry, constituent transport and chemistry
 
92.60.hg Constituent sources and sinks
 
92.60.hh Acoustic gravity waves, tides, and compressional waves
 
92.60.hk Convection, turbulence, and diffusion (see also 92.30.Ef—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.60.hn Geochemical cycles (see also 91.67.Nc—in Geochemistry; 92.20.Sg—in oceanography; 92.30.Gh—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.60.hv Pressure, density, and temperature
 
92.60.hw Airglow and aurorae (see also 94.20.Ac Auroral ionosphere; 94.30.Aa Auroral phenomena in magnetosphere)
 
92.60.hx Other upper atmospheric phenomena: red sprites; blue jets; atmospheric gamma ray and intense VHF emissions
 
92.60.Iv Paleoclimatology (see also 92.70.Gt Climate dynamics—in Global change)
 
92.60.J- Water in the atmosphere
 
92.60.jc Evaporation (see also 92.40.Je Evapotranspiration—in Hydrology)
 
92.60.jf Precipitation (see also 92.40.E- in Hydrology)
 
92.60.jk Humidity
 
92.60.Kc Land/atmosphere interactions
 
92.60.Ls Ion chemistry of the atmosphere
 
92.60.Mt Particles and aerosols (see also 92.20.Bk—in oceanography; 91.67.gp and 92.30.Ef—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.60.N- Cloud physics and chemistry
 
92.60.nc Cloud optics
 
92.60.nf Cloud/radiation interaction
 
92.60.Ox Tropical meteorology
 
92.60.Pw Atmospheric electricity, lightning
 
92.60.Qx Storms
 
92.60.Ry Climatology, climate change and variability (see also 92.70.Gt and 92.70.Kb—in Global change; 92.30.Bc—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.60.Sz Air quality and air pollution (see also 07.88.+y Instruments for environmental pollution measurements)
 
92.60.Ta Electromagnetic wave propagation
 
92.60.Uy Polar meteorology
 
92.60.Vb Radiative processes, solar radiation
 
92.60.Wc Weather analysis and prediction
 
92.60.Xg Stratosphere/troposphere interactions
 
92.60.Zc Volcanic effects
 
92.70.-j Global change
 
92.70.Aa Abrupt/rapid climate change
 
92.70.Bc Land/atmosphere interactions
 
92.70.Cp Atmosphere
 
92.70.Er Biogeochemical processes
 
92.70.Gt Climate dynamics (see also 92.60.Ry—in meteorology; 92.30.Bc—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.70.Ha Cryospheric change
 
92.70.Iv Geomorphology and weathering (see also 92.40.Gc Erosion and sedimentation; sediment transport; 92.40.Pb—in hydrology; 92.40.P- in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.70.Jw Oceans, sea level change (see also 92.10.hp—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.70.Kb Regional climate change (see also 92.60.Ry—in meteorology; 92.30.Bc—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.70.Ly Water cycles
 
92.70.Mn Impacts of global change; global warming (see also 92.30.Np—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
92.70.Np Global climate modeling
 
92.70.Pq Earth system modeling
 
92.70.Qr Solar variability impact
 
92.70.St Land cover change
 
92.90.+x Other topics in hydrospheric and atmospheric geophysics (restricted to new topics in section 92)
 
93. Geophysical observations, instrumentation, and techniques
 
93.30.-w Information related to geographical regions
 
93.30.Bz Africa
 
93.30.Ca Antarctica
 
93.30.Db Asia
 
93.30.Fd Australia
 
93.30.Ge Europe
 
93.30.Hf North America
 
93.30.Jg South America
 
93.30.Kh Large islands (e.g., Greenland)
 
93.30.Li Arctic Ocean
 
93.30.Mj Atlantic Ocean
 
93.30.Nk Indian Ocean
 
93.30.Pm Pacific Ocean
 
93.30.Qn Southern Ocean
 
93.30.Rp Regional seas
 
93.30.Sq Polar regions
 
93.30.Tr Temperate regions
 
93.30.Vs Tropical regions
 
93.55.+z International organizations, national and international programs
... ... ... Data acquisition and storage, see 93.85.Bc
 
93.85.-q Instruments and techniques for geophysical research: Exploration geophysics (see also 91.50.Ga Bathymetry, seafloor topology; 91.50.Yf Submergence instruments, ROV, AUV, submersibles, and ocean observatories—in marine geology; 92.10.Yb Hydrography—in oceanography)
 
93.85.Bc Computational methods and data processing, data acquisition and storage
 
93.85.De Exploration of continental structures
 
93.85.Fg Downhole methods
 
93.85.Hj Gravity methods
 
93.85.Jk Magnetic and electrical methods
 
93.85.Ly Exploration of oceanic structures
 
93.85.Np Radioactivity methods
 
93.85.Pq Remote sensing in exploration geophysics (see also 91.40.Yt—in Volcanology; 91.55.Uv—in Structural geology)
 
93.85.Rt Seismic methods
 
93.85.Tf Oil prospecting, pipelines, and conduits (see also 91.50.Sn Ocean drilling)
 
93.90.+y Other topics in geophysical observations, instrumentation, and techniques (restricted to new topics in section 93)
 
94. Physics of the ionosphere and magnetosphere
 
94.05.-a Space plasma physics (see also 96.50.-e Interplanetary physics)
 
94.05.Bf Plasma interactions with dust and aerosols
 
94.05.Dd Radiation processes
 
94.05.Fg Solitons and solitary waves
 
94.05.Hk Spacecraft/atmosphere interactions
 
94.05.Jq Spacecraft sheaths, wakes, and charging
 
94.05.Lk Turbulence
 
94.05.Pt Wave/wave, wave/particle interactions
 
94.05.Rx Experimental techniques and laboratory studies (see also 52.72.+v—in physics of plasmas)
 
94.05.S- Space weather
 
94.05.sj Space radiation environment
 
94.05.sk Impacts on humans
 
94.05.sp Solar effects
 
94.05.sq Engineering for hazard mitigation
 
94.05.st Satellite drag
 
94.05.sx Forecasting
... ... ... Physics of the neutral atmosphere, see 92.60.-e
 
94.05.sy Impacts on technological systems
 
94.20.-y Physics of the ionosphere (for ionospheres of the planets, see 96.12.ji and 96.15.hk; for radiowave propagation, see 41.20.Jb—in electromagnetism)
 
94.20.Ac Auroral ionosphere (see also 92.60.hw Airglow and aurorae—in meteorology; 94.30.Aa Auroral phenomena in magnetosphere)
 
94.20.Bb Wave propagation (see also 94.30.Tz—in Physics of the magnetosphere)
 
94.20.Cf Ionospheric modeling and forecasting
 
94.20.D- Ionospheric structure, composition
 
94.20.de D region
 
94.20.dg E region
 
94.20.dj F region
 
94.20.dk Polar cap ionosphere
 
94.20.dl Topside region
 
94.20.dm Mid-latitude ionosphere
 
94.20.dt Equatorial ionosphere
 
94.20.dv Ion chemistry and composition; ionization mechanisms
 
94.20.Fg Plasma temperature and density
... ... ... Plasmasphere, see 94.30.cv
 
94.20.Qq Particle precipitation (see also 94.30.Ny—in Physics of the magnetosphere)
... ... ... Interactions between waves and particles, see 94.20.W-
 
94.20.Ss Electric fields; current system
 
94.20.Tt Ionospheric soundings; active experiments
 
94.20.Vv Ionospheric disturbances, irregularities, and storms
 
94.20.W- Ionospheric dynamics and interactions
 
94.20.wc Plasma motion; plasma convection; particle acceleration
 
94.20.wf Plasma waves and instabilities
 
94.20.wg Ionosphere/atmospheric interactions
 
94.20.wh Ionosphere/magnetosphere interactions
 
94.20.wj Wave/particle interactions
 
94.20.wl Plasma interactions with dust and aerosols
 
94.20.wq Solar radiation and cosmic ray effects
 
94.20.ws Electromagnetic wave propagation
 
94.20.Xa Meteor-trail physics
 
94.30.-d Physics of the magnetosphere
 
94.30.Aa Auroral phenomena in magnetosphere (see also 94.20.Ac Auroral ionosphere)
 
94.30.Bg Magnetospheric modeling and forecasting
 
94.30.C- Magnetospheric configuration and dynamics
 
94.30.cb Inner magnetosphere
 
94.30.cf Outer magnetosphere
 
94.30.cg Magnetospheric cusp
 
94.30.ch Magnetopause
 
94.30.cj Magnetosheath
 
94.30.cl Magnetotail
 
94.30.cp Magnetic reconnection
 
94.30.cq MHD waves, plasma waves, and instabilities
 
94.30.cs Plasma motion; plasma convection
 
94.30.ct Plasma sheet
 
94.30.cv Plasmasphere
 
94.30.cx Polar cap phenomena
 
94.30.Hn Energetic trapped particles
 
94.30.Kq Electric fields, field-aligned currents and current systems, and ring currents
 
94.30.Lr Magnetic storms, substorms
 
94.30.Ms Magnetic pulsations
 
94.30.Ny Energetic particle precipitation (see also 94.20.Qq—in Physics of the ionosphere)
 
94.30.Tz Electromagnetic wave propagation (see also 94.20.Bb—in Physics of the ionosphere)
 
94.30.V- Magnetosphere interactions
 
94.30.vb Magnetosphere/ionosphere interactions (see also 94.20.wj—in Physics of the ionosphere)
 
94.30.vd Magnetosphere interactions with satellites and rings
 
94.30.vf Solar wind/magnetosphere interactions
 
94.30.vh Interactions with interplanetary space
 
94.30.Xy Radiation belts
 
94.80.+g Instrumentation for space plasma physics, ionosphere, and magnetosphere
 
94.90.+m Other topics in space plasma physics, physics of the ionosphere and magnetosphere (restricted to new topics in section 94)
 
96. Solar system; planetology
 
96.10.+i General; solar nebula; cosmogony
 
96.12.-a Planetology of solid surface planets (see also 96.15.-g Planetology of fluid planets; 96.30.Bc Comparative planetology)
 
96.12.Bc Origin and evolution
 
96.12.De Orbital and rotational dynamics
 
96.12.Fe Gravitational fields
 
96.12.Hg Magnetic field and magnetism
 
96.12.J- Atmospheres
 
96.12.ja Aurorae and airglow
 
96.12.jc Composition and chemistry
 
96.12.je Evolution
 
96.12.jg Structure and dynamics
 
96.12.ji Ionospheres
 
96.12.jk Magnetospheres
 
96.12.jm Meteorology
 
96.12.K- Surfaces
 
96.12.ka Hydrology and fluvial processes
 
96.12.kc Surface materials and properties
 
96.12.ke Impact phenomena, cratering
 
96.12.kg Erosion, weathering
 
96.12.ki Glaciation
 
96.12.Ma Composition
 
96.12.Pc Interiors
 
96.12.Qr Polar regions
 
96.12.St Heat flow
 
96.12.Uv Rings and dust
 
96.12.Wx Interactions with particles and fields
 
96.12.Xy Tectonics, volcanism
 
96.15.-g Planetology of fluid planets (see also 96.12.-a Planetology of solid surface planets; 96.30.Bc Comparative planetology)
 
96.15.Bc Origin and evolution
 
96.15.De Orbital and rotational dynamics
 
96.15.Ef Gravitational fields
 
96.15.Gh Magnetic field and magnetism
 
96.15.H- Atmospheres
 
96.15.hb Aurorae
 
96.15.he Composition and chemistry
 
96.15.hg Evolution
 
96.15.hj Structure and dynamics
 
96.15.hk Ionospheres
 
96.15.hm Magnetospheres
 
96.15.hp Meteorology
 
96.15.Kc Composition
 
96.15.Lb Surfaces
 
96.15.Nd Interiors
 
96.15.Pf Physical properties of materials
 
96.15.Qr Impact phenomena
 
96.15.St Tori and exospheres
 
96.15.Uv Rings and dust
 
96.15.Vx Interactions with particles and fields
 
96.15.Wx Tidal forces
 
96.15.Xy Polar regions
 
96.20.-n Moon
 
96.20.Br Origin and evolution
 
96.20.Dt Features, landmarks, mineralogy, and petrology
 
96.20.Jz Gravitational field, selenodesy, and magnetic fields
 
96.20.Ka Impacts, cratering
 
96.25.-f Planetology of comets and small bodies
 
96.25.Bd Origin and evolution
 
96.25.De Orbital and rotational dynamics
 
96.25.F- Atmospheres
 
96.25.fa Aurorae, airglow and x-ray emission
 
96.25.fc Composition and chemistry
 
96.25.ff Evolution
 
96.25.fh Structure and dynamics
 
96.25.H- Composition
 
96.25.hc Dust, erosion, and weathering
 
96.25.hf Ice
 
96.25.hj Surfaces and interiors
 
96.25.hn Physical and chemical properties of materials
 
96.25.J- Ionospheres
 
96.25.jf Composition and chemistry
 
96.25.jh Evolution
 
96.25.jk Structure and dynamics
 
96.25.Ln Magnetic fields and magnetism
 
96.25.Nc Gravitational fields
 
96.25.Pq Impact phenomena
 
96.25.Qr Interactions with solar wind plasma and fields
 
96.25.St Plasma and MHD instabilities
 
96.25.Tg Radiation and spectra
 
96.25.Vt Satellites
 
96.25.Xz Volcanism
 
96.30.-t Solar system objects
 
96.30.Bc Comparative planetology (see also 96.12.-a Planetology of solid surface planets; 96.15.-g Planetology of fluid planets)
 
96.30.C- Comets (see also 96.25.-f Planetology of comets and small bodies)
 
96.30.cb Dust tails and trails
 
96.30.cd Interiors
 
96.30.Dz Mercury
 
96.30.Ea Venus
 
96.30.Gc Mars
 
96.30.Hf Martian satellites
 
96.30.Iz Dwarf Planets
 
96.30.Ja Dwarf planet satellites
 
96.30.Kf Jupiter
 
96.30.L- Jovian satellites
 
96.30.lb Io
 
96.30.ld Europa
 
96.30.lf Ganymede
 
96.30.lh Callisto
 
96.30.Mh Saturn
 
96.30.N- Saturnian satellites
 
96.30.nd Titan
 
96.30.Pj Uranus
 
96.30.Qk Uranian satellites
 
96.30.Rm Neptune
 
96.30.Sn Pluto
 
96.30.Td Neptunian satellites
 
96.30.Up Plutonian satellites
 
96.30.V- Dust, extraterrestrial materials
 
96.30.vx Interplanetary material
 
96.30.vy Interstellar material
 
96.30.Wr Planetary rings
 
96.30.Xa Kuiper belt, trans-Neptunian objects
 
96.30.Ys Asteroids, meteoroids
 
96.30.Za Meteors, meteorites and tektites (see also 91.65.Sn Meteorite mineralogy and petrology; 94.20.Xa Meteor-trail physics; 91.67.gn—in Geophysics Appendix)
... ... ... Planetary, asteroid, cometary, and satellite characteristics and properties, see 96.12.-a, 96.15.-g, and 96.25.-f
... ... ... Cosmic rays, see 96.50.S-
 
96.50.-e Interplanetary physics (see also 94.05.-a Space plasma physics)
 
96.50.Bh Interplanetary magnetic fields
 
96.50.Ci Solar wind plasma; sources of solar wind
 
96.50.Dj Interplanetary dust and gas
 
96.50.Ek Heliopause and solar wind termination
 
96.50.Fm Planetary bow shocks; interplanetary shocks
... ... ... Comets, see 96.30.Cw; 96.30C- (in Geophysics Appendix)
 
96.50.Hp Oort cloud
... ... ... Kuiper belt, see 96.30.Xa
... ... ... Meteors, meteoroids, and meteor streams, see 96.30.Za
... ... ... Meteorites, micrometeorites, and tektites, see 96.30.Za
 
96.50.Pw Particle acceleration
 
96.50.Qx Corotating streams
 
96.50.Ry Discontinuities
 
96.50.S- Cosmic rays (see also 94.20.wq Solar radiation and cosmic ray effects)
 
96.50.sb Composition, energy spectra and interactions
 
96.50.sd Extensive air showers
 
96.50.sf Interactions with terrestrial matter
 
96.50.sh Interplanetary propagation and effects
 
96.50.Tf MHD waves; plasma waves, turbulence
 
96.50.Uv Ejecta, driver gases, and magnetic clouds
 
96.50.Vg Energetic particles
 
96.50.Wx Solar cycle variations
 
96.50.Xy Heliosphere/interstellar medium interactions
 
96.50.Ya Pickup ions
 
96.50.Zc Neutral particles
 
96.55.+z Astrobiology and astrochemistry of the Solar system and interplanetary space (see also 91.62.Fc—in Geophysics Appendix)
 
96.60.-j Solar physics
 
96.60.Bn Diameter, rotation, and mass
 
96.60.Fs Composition
 
96.60.Hv Electric and magnetic fields, solar magnetism
 
96.60.Iv Magnetic reconnection
 
96.60.Jw Solar interior
 
96.60.Ly Helioseismology, pulsations, and shock waves
 
96.60.Mz Photosphere
 
96.60.Na Chromosphere
 
96.60.P- Corona
 
96.60.pc Coronal holes
 
96.60.pf Coronal loops, streamers
 
96.60.ph Coronal mass ejection
 
96.60.Q- Solar activity (see also 92.70.Qr—in Global change)
 
96.60.qd Sun spots, solar cycles
 
96.60.qe Flares
 
96.60.qf Prominence eruptions
 
96.60.T- Solar electromagnetic emission
 
96.60.tg Radio emission
 
96.60.th Visible emission
 
96.60.tj Ultraviolet emission
 
96.60.tk X-ray and gamma-ray emission
 
96.60.Ub Solar irradiance
 
96.60.Vg Particle emission, solar wind (see also 94.30.vf—in Geophysics Appendix; 26.65.+t Solar neutrinos in nuclear astrophysics)
 
96.60.Xy Transition region
 
96.90.+c Other topics on the Solar system and planetology (restricted to new topics in section 96)
 

 

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