The new quantum technologies require the creation of quantum thermodynamics to describe the operation of quantum machines, and new instrumentation to verify, validate and control the operation of the machines. Just as classical thermodynamics was discovered, and instrumentation refined, through observations on actual machines, the development of quantum thermodynamics leads to the discovery of the principles governing it, enabling refining our instrumentation. Quantum thermodynamics acknowledges the insufficiency of conventional equilibrium-physics for quantum technologies. Statistical fluctuations in single quantum systems satisfy new laws known as quantum fluctuation theorems. Unlike classical thermodynamics, quantum properties cannot be measured—and work determined— without any perturbation to the dynamics. In this Special Issue, we aim to highlight the theoretical and experimental work in this field, while also providing an account of the challenges and future prospects, with Original Research, Reviews, and Perspective articles.
Topics covered include, but are not limited to:
- quantum information theory
- the second law of thermodynamics in closed quantum systems
- quantum thermodynamics of cold atoms
- quantum theormdynamics of elementary machines
- helium superfluid system
- spins in semiconductors
- projective or weak continuous measurements on single quantum systems
- engineering quantum reservoirs and environments
- applications of Jarzynski equality and the Crooks relation to quantum machines
If you are interested in contributing Original Research, a Review, or a Perspective Article please complete the relevant Editorial Summary Intake Form, shown here, and email it to the Editorial team (AVSQuantumScience@aip.org) prior to your submission for pre-screening by the editors. Once you receive a response, you can prepare your manuscript using the information For Authors, at https://avs.scitation.org/aqs/authors/manuscript. You can then submit your paper using the AQS online submission system at https://aqs.peerx-press.org/. As a journal in its early years, our editors will rely on the Editorial Summary Intake Form to establish working relationships with authors as well as ensure papers are within desired scope, quality, and diversity we aim to achieve. For additional questions, please email the team at AVSQuantumScience@aip.org.